Laura (Riding) Jackson was born Laura Reichenthal in New York City in 1901. Her first published poem appeared in The Fugitive in 1923. The next year she was awarded the magazine's "Nashville Prize" and invited to become a member of the Fugitive Group. In 1925 she sailed for England and, during thirteen years abroad (primarily in England and Majorca), wrote some twenty books of poetry, criticism, and story. She also wrote, in collaboration with Robert Graves, A Survey of Modernist Poetry and A Pamphlet Against Anthologies. After returning to the United States in 1939, she renounced poetry and literary affiliations, having come to see language itself as "the essential moral meeting-ground." Schuyler B. Jackson, whom she married in 1941, collaborated with her on Rational Meaning: A New Foundation for the Definition of Words. In 1991, she was awarded the Bollingen Prize for her lifetime contribution to poetry.